Mount Aconcagua – Since Aconcagua is a large mountain, it has different routes with several levels of difficulty. It has some regular routes for people who do not have much experience, and others which only a few people in the world have been able to climb. These climbing routes are:
Mount Aconcagua – South Wall:
1 – Sun Line: it was climbed in 1988 by Slavko Sveticic and Milan Romih. It goes along the South edge from Portillo del Sargento Mas, going past mount Piramidal; difficulty: ED, VII, A3, 90°.
2 – Yugoslavian or Slovenian: climbed in 1982, it goes toward the South summit by the meridional mixed pillar. It can only be climbed in the first and last hours of the day.
3 – Polish Variant: climbed in 1987, it is the most difficult route to the summit to date, with an entrance of 1000 meters (V, 90°), different from the meridional spur by the Central route.
4 – Yugoslavian or Slovenian Variant: it joins the French variants in the big towers. It was climbed in 1982.
5 – French La Pargot Route: the first route on the wall, it goes along the central spur. Camps can be set up at 4900, 5800, 6400 and 6700 meters above sea level. It was climbed in 1985.
6 – Lower Argentinian Variant: the entrance is slightly more straight than the French variant, but it is still a route. It was climbed in February 1992.
7 – Upper Argentinian Variant: opened in the same ascent as the previous one, it leaves Messner in a V+ spur.
8 – Messner Exit Variant: from glacier superior it goes left on a 55° gradient toward a waterway between both summits on the Guanaco edge. There are camps at 5200 and 6100 meters above sea level.
9 – Japanese Variant: it starts from the French variant behind glacier Superior. It heads to the North summit through the spur to the right. The rock is poor and the route badly marked. There are camps at 5200 and 6100 meters above sea level. It was undertaken for the first time by a Japanese climber.
10 – The Russian Roulette: it assaults the Seracs from the front (95°) and the middle glacier. It joins the central route.
11 – Central Route or Fonrouge/Schonberger: climbed by the Argentine José Fonrouge, it goes all the way through the middle glacier and joins the French route before a barrier of Seracs. There are camps at 6290, 6400 and 6800 meters above sea level. It is the easiest route on this wall, but the most dangerous too due to slides from glacier Superior.
12 – French Direct Route: first climbed in 1985, it leaves from the central route and takes the Southeast spur. It joins the Argentine route at about 6000 meters in glacier Superior.
13 – Slovenian Route: it is a variant of the Pasic Route on ice (90°) and VI on rock. In 1993, the Argentine A. Randis undertook this route for the first time. It represents a variant of the Central route going to the left.
14 – Argentine or Pasic Route: climbed in 1966, it is the longest and least difficult on this wall. There are camps at 4800, 5400, 6000 y 6400 meters above sea level. The Seracs join the Relinchos glacier, also called Pasic Glacier, with glacier Superior.